Set amid a mature riparian cottonwood bosque near Wyomings Snake River, just outside of Grand Teton National Park, Snake River Residence is discretely nestled along Fish Creek and its meandering small tributaries. The contemporary single-story stone and stucco home and guest house allowed for the creation of a variety of outdoor spaces in courtyards and alcoves created by the highly articulated exterior walls. The landscape architect took advantage of all the angles and intersections of materials to design interesting and usable outdoor spaces around the perimeter of the house. Climate conditions, including wind, snow and great fluctuations of heat and cold, encourage the creation of microclimates in which native plants and water are combined with bold geometric lines. The resulting design weaves a modern aesthetic of color, texture, and focus into the surrounding natural environment.
In a collaborative effort, the design team created a site plan for the main house, which is shaped like an elongated cross, with four distinct outdoor spaces and varying points of reference. Oriented toward the mountains, the driveway emerges from the forest into a field of glacial erratic surrounding the auto court. These monolithic stones jutting out of the landscape like miniature mountain ranges suggest the regions geologic upheaval and exposure to often extreme weather. Placed sequentially from small to large, they emerge from the level ground to form a passageway into the sandstone courtyard. A band of aggregate river rock snakes across the hard surface of the auto court.
From the living room, the view to the north changes seasonally. In winter, the Grand Teton and adjacent peaks rise dramatically over the tops of the trees lining the river bottom. In the summer, a dense canopy of leaves all but masks the mountains in the distance, and the scene becomes more intimate and secluded. In the foreground, a meadow of native grasses and wildflowers extends outward, connecting the residence to mountains, forest, and river landscape. A stone path winds in and out of the meadow, pausing at carefully placed hand-hewn benches and places with views of sculpture in the foreground and the Grand Teton in the distance.
On the east side, the spa is tucked into a courtyard that separates the master bedroom suite from the rest of the house. Protected from the elements, the spa and outdoor fireplace are all but indiscernible form the exterior of the house. Square sandstone steps lead away from the spa, paralleling a runnel of water. Representative of the spring creeks along the Snake River, the runnel is bordered by blue fescue and tufted air grass, transitioning to the wetlands environment.
Extending from the east faade, a raised boardwalk crosses a reclaimed spring creek to provide access to Fish Creek, a tributary of the Snake River. Edged with native Rocky Mountain iris, the boardwalk connects the main house to an observation point in the distance, minimizing human activity in the restored wetlands. Groupings of willow, dogwood and Colorado blue spruce are planted strategically to cast shadows on the shallow water. The reflective quality of the still water throughout the property adds qualities of color, texture, and depth to the landscape. Willows, cattails and other aquatic plant materials are interspersed, creating fish habitat in the shadows of the overhanging vegetation
On the sunny south side of the home, a sandstone terrace designed for outdoor entertaining looks out onto riparian meadows. Inlaid with bands of tiny river cobble and edged by low seating walls, the terrace extends to intersect, almost imperceptibly, with the untamed environment of the native river bottom. A reflecting pool extends from the great room terrace. Shallow and still, the water reflects a large totem sculpture at the far end of the pool and the canopy of trees and open sky overhead, integrating the larger landscape into the living area next to the home. A formal grid of aspen trees separates the pool from the outdoor dining area. Flanking the east side, long lines of blue oat grass separate the native meadow from the pools edge.
American artists Fletcher Benton and Richard Deutch were commissioned to create site-specific sculptures for the art enthusiast homeowners. At the entry and north courtyards, Bentons oversized steel sculptures evoke the scale and raw power of the place. A dominant texture of the ranch is the many trees enveloping the property. Deustch drew from the simple shapes of their leaves for inspiration. The artist chose to make a tall white granite sculpture to take advantage of a reflecting pool which captures the glow of the stone.
Native tree species, planted at entryways and at intersecting planes of the architecture, rise above the low residence, softening its profile on the forest floor. At an elevation of over 6,100 feet above sea level, with windy conditions and wide fluctuations in temperature, plant choices are extremely limited. The landscape architects experimented with cottonwood and aspen trees, staples of the surrounding environment, planting them in formal grid patterns, an arrangement more commonly used with street trees in urban environments. The tight and columnar effect of this planting style merges the un-programmed nature of the surrounding environment with the modern and more geometric aesthetic of the home. Furthermore, the shelter belt planting pattern provides protection from the prevailing winds on the west side of the property.
Environmental Sensitivity and Significance:
– During construction, attention was given to restoring the ecological integrity of riparian areas along one-quarter mile of the propertys spring creek, which had become degraded during the propertys former use as a cattle ranch. Native grasses, sedges, reeds and cattails were reintroduced to contain the soil erosion and improve water quality.
– Meadows of native grass and wildflowers replace areas of lawn, creating a seamless blend between the home, its adjacent landscape and the larger surrounding context. Native meadows required only introductory irrigation to sustain them.
– Area of snowmelt was limited to reduce non-renewable energy needs.
– Native fieldstone and boulders, excavated from the surrounding region, were utilized for all terraces, walls and outcroppings.
– Careful site grading around the home, including the driveway and landscape features, ensured existing cottonwood and pine trees were preserved.